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From toit was known as Gorky ГорькийIPA: The city is an important economic, transportation, scientific, educational and cultural center in Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic regionvaricoase tratamentul pentru venelor Bad is the main center of river tourism in Russia.
In the historic part of the city there is a large number of universities, theaters, museums and churches. The city was founded in by Prince Yuri II of Vladimir. In Kuzma Minin and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky organized an army for the liberation of Moscow from the Poles. In Nizhny Novgorod became a great trade center of the Russian Empire. In at a fairan All-Russia Exhibition was organized.
During the Soviet periodthe city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period. Then the city was given the nickname "Russian Detroit ". During the World War II Gorky became the biggest provider of military equipment to the front. Due to this, the Luftwaffe constantly bombed the city from the air.
The majority of the German bombs fell in the area of the Gorky Automobile Plant. Although almost all the production sites of the plant were completely destroyed, the citizens of Gorky reconstructed the factory after days. After the war, Gorky became a " closed city " and remained one until after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in At that time the city was renamed Nizhny Novgorod once again.
In the metro was opened. In Vladimir Putin opened the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant which is part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation. The Kremlin — the main center of chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod city — contains the main government agencies of the city and the Volga Federal District.
The demonym for a Nizhny Novgorod resident is "нижегородец" nizhegorodets for male or "нижегородка" nizhegorodka for female, rendered in English as Nizhegorodian.
Novgorodian is inappropriate; it refers to a resident of Novgorodon the north-west. Originally the name was just Novgorod "Newtown"but to distinguish it from the other, older and well-known Novgorod to the west, the city was commonly called "Novgorod of the Lower chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod. This land was named "lower" because it is situated downstream, chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod from the point of view of other Russian cities such as Moscow, Vladimir and Murom.
Later it was transformed into the contemporary name of the city that literally means "Lower Newtown". Later a major stronghold for border protection, Nizhny Novgorod fortress took advantage of a natural moat formed by the two rivers. Along with Moscow and TverNizhny Novgorod was among several newly founded towns that escaped Mongol devastation on account of their insignificance, but grew into great centers in vassalic Russian political life during the period of the Tatar Yoke.
With the agreement of the Mongol Khan, Nizhny Novgorod was incorporated into the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality in After 86 years its importance further increased when the seat of the powerful Suzdal Principality was moved here from Gorodets in Grand Duke Dmitry Konstantinovich http://iphonesellbacks.co/elimina-varice-1.php sought to make his capital a rival worthy of Moscow; he built a stone citadel and several churches and was a patron of historians.
The earliest extant manuscript of chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod Russian Primary Chroniclethe Laurentian Codexwas written for him by the local monk Laurentius in After being burnt by the powerful Crimean Tatar chief Edigu inNizhny Novgorod was ce să facă cu varice operația picior and regarded by the Muscovites primarily as a great stronghold in their wars against the Tatars of Kazan.
The enormous red-brick kremlinone of the strongest and earliest preserved citadels in Russia, was built in — under the supervision of Peter the Italian. The fortress was strong enough to withstand Tatar sieges in and Inthe so-called national militiagathered by a local merchant, Kuzma Mininand commanded by Knyaz Dmitry Pozharsky expelled the Polish troops from Moscow, thus putting an end to the " Time of Troubles " and establishing the rule of the Romanov dynasty. The main square before the Kremlin is named after Minin and Pozharskyhttp://iphonesellbacks.co/vene-varicoase-n-picioare-rni-deschise.php it is locally known simply as "Minin Square.
In commemoration of these events, on October 21,an exact copy of the Red Square statue of Minin and Pozharsky was placed in front of St John the Baptist Church, which is believed to be the place from where the call to the people had been proclaimed.
In the course of the following century, the city prospered commercially and was chosen by the Stroganovs the wealthiest merchant family of Russia as a base for their operations. A particular style of architecture and icon painting, known as the Stroganov styledeveloped there at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. The historical coat of arms of Nizhny Novgorod in was a red deer with black horns and hooves on chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod white field.
The modern coat of arms circa is the same, but the shield can be adorned with golden oak leaves tied with a ribbon with colours of the Here national flag.
Inthe Nizhny Novgorod Fairone of the liveliest in the world, was transferred to Nizhny Novgorod, and started to attract millions of visitors annually. By the midth century, the city was firmly established as the trade capital of the Russian Empire.
According to official Imperial Russian statistics the population of Nizhny Novgorod as of 14 January was 97, Other industries gradually developed, and by the start of the 20th century the city was also a first-rank industrial hub. Henry Ford helped http://iphonesellbacks.co/remedii-populare-pentru-a-trata-rni.php a large truck and tractor plant GAZ in the late s, sending engineers and mechanics, including future labour leader Walter Reuther.
There were no permanent bridges over the Volga or Oka before the October Revolution in Temporary bridges were built during the trade fair. The first bridge over the Volga was started by the Moscow-Kazan Railway Company inbut only finished in the Soviet Era when the railway to Kotelnich was opened for service in Maxim Gorky was born in Nizhny Novgorod in as Alexey Maximovich Peshkov. In his novels he described the dismal life of the city proletariat. When he returned to the Soviet Union in on the invitation of Joseph Stalinthe city was renamed Gorky.
During much of the Soviet era, the city was closed to foreigners to safeguard the security of Soviet military research and production facilities, even though it was a popular stopping point for Soviet tourists traveling up and down the Volga in tourist boats. Unusually for a Soviet city of that size, even street maps were not available for sale until the mids. The physicist and Nobel laureate Andrei Sakharov was exiled there during to limit his contacts with foreigners.
Dmitrovskaya tower of the Kremlin. Church of the Nativity. The Spit confluence of Oka and Volga Rivers. Nizhny Novgorod is the administrative center of the oblast. Nizhny Novgorod is divided by the Oka River into chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod distinct parts. The Upper City Russian: Нагорная частьNagornaya chastMountainous part is located on the hilly eastern right bank of the Oka. It includes three of the eight city districts into which the city is administratively divided:.
The Lower City Russian: Заречная частьZarechnaya chastOver river part occupies the low western side of the Oka, and includes five city districts:. Nizhny Novgorod is the fifth largest city in Russiaranking after MoscowSt.
PetersburgNovosibirskand Yekaterinburg. Daylight saving time is no longer observed. The climate in the region is continental, specifically humid continental Dfband it is similar to the climate in Moscowalthough colder in winter, which lasts from late November until late March with a permanent snow cover. Nizhny Novgorod is one of the centers of the IT Industry in Russia. In Nizhny Novgorod there is also a number of offshore outsourcing software developers, including Bell IntegratorItseez, Tecom, Luximax Systems Ltd.
Nizhny Novgorod has also been chosen as one of four sites for building an IT-oriented technology park—a special zone that has an established infrastructure and enjoys a favorable tax and customs policy. It is mainly oriented towards transportation, i. Some of the largest chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod include:.
Sincethere has been a railway connection between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow. Since Decembera fast train transports passengers between Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow in less than five hours.
One can continue from Nizhny Novgorod eastward along the Trans-Siberian Railwaywith direct trains to major cities in the Urals and Siberiaas well as to BeijingPyongyangand Ulan-Bator. The first high-speed rail Sapsan train to Moscow Kursky Rail Terminal and Saint Petersburg Moskovsky Rail Terminal was launched on July 30, Suburban commuter trains elektrichka connect Nizhny Novgorod with VladimirDzerzhinskMuromKirovArzamasZavolzhyeBalakhnaand others.
Nizhny Novgorod is an important center of Volga cargo and passenger shipping. During summer, cruise vessels operate between Nizhny Novgorod, MoscowSaint Petersburgand Astrakhan.
In a small number of Meteor-class hydrofoils resumed operations on the Volga river. Out of the three bus terminals, only the Kanavino station is near a subway line; the other two are connected with the rest of the city by city buses. Public transportation http://iphonesellbacks.co/varice-tratament-intern.php the city is provided by a tramsmarshrutkas routed taxisbuses, and trolleybuses.
Electric and diesel commuter trains run to suburbs in several directions. Nizhny Novgorod Metro underground rapid transit system was opened in ; it now has 2 lines with 14 stations, connecting all five railway terminals, and carrying thousand passengers daily.
Nizhny Novgorod Urban Electric Train is a network of railway transport S-Train in the city. It has 2 lines: The Nizhny Novgorod Cableway from Nizhny Novgorod to Bor across the Volga river opened in Nizhny Novgorod is served by Strigino International Airport.
The air base Sormovo was an important military airlift facility, and Pravdinsk air base was an interceptor aircraft base during the Cold War. It is unknown when the first aerodrome in Nizhny Novgorod was built, but its location was 0. This aerodrome was named Nizhny Novgorod Airport. In HC Airports of Regions won their bid on the investment project into Nizhny Novgorod International Airport.
Incertain renovations were made in order to more efficiently exploit the existing facility whilst chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod new one is being built. In Sourcethe construction of new terminal started. It is supposed to be opened by December and be able to handle around passengers per hour. The second terminal will be built after the World Cup inhosted chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod among others, and the aforementioned railway station is planned to be constructed during that time as well.
The new terminal was opened on December 29, as the first flight, from Moscow, was directed there. Airport authority plans to redirect all the domestic flights to the new terminal by February and all the international flights by April Much of the city downtown is built in the Russian Revival and Stalin Empire styles.
The dominating feature of the city skyline is the grand Kremlin —with its red-brick towers. After Bolshevik chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod, the only ancient edifice left within the kremlin walls is the tent-like Archangel Cathedral —31first built in stone in the 13th century. There are more than six hundred unique historic, architectural, and cultural monuments in the city.
There are about two hundred municipal and regional art and cultural institutions within Nizhny Novgorod.
Among these institutions there are eight theaters, five concert halls, ninety-seven libraries with branchesseventeen movie theaters including five movie theaters for childrentwenty-five institutions of children optional education, eight museums sixteen including branchesand seven parks. The art gallery in Nizhny Novgorod is a large and important art gallery and museums of human history and culture. Nizhny Chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod has a great and extraordinary art gallery with more than 12, exhibits, an enormous collection of works by Russian artists such as Viktor VasnetsovKarl BriullovIvan ShishkinIvan KramskoiIlya Yefimovich RepinIsaak Iljitsch LewitanVasily SurikovIvan Aivazovskythere are also greater collections of works by Boris Kustodiev and Nicholas Roerichnot only Russian art is part of the exhibition it include also a vast chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod of Western European art like works by David Teniers the YoungerBernardo BellottoLucas Cranach the ElderPieter de GrebberGiuseppe Maria CrespiGiovanni Battista Piranesiand lot more.
Finally what makes this gallery extremely important is the amazing collection Russian avant-garde with works by Kazimir MalevichWassily KandinskyNatalia GoncharovaMikhail Larionov and so on. There is also collection of East Asian art. Other notable landmarks are the two great medieval abbeys. The Pechersky Ascension Monastery features the austere five-domed cathedral and two rare churches surmounted by tent roofs, chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod from the s.
The Annunciation monastery, likewise surrounded by strong walls, has chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod five-domed cathedral and the Assumption church Chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod only chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod house preserved from that epoch formerly belonged to the merchant Pushnikov. There can be little doubt that the most original and delightful churches in the city were built by the Stroganovs in the nascent Baroque style.
There is also a mosque in Sennaya Square, where the Muslim populations of the city go for Friday prayersIslamic activities and activities which are organized by the mosque. There is also a small shop to buy halal meats. Most of the Muslims in this city chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod Tatars.
The centrally located Nizhny Novgorod Synagogue was built in ; disused during the Soviet era, it was renovated and reopened ca. A singular monument of industrial architecture is a meter-high open-work hyperboloid tower built on the bank of the Oka near Dzerzhinsk as part of a powerline river crossing by the eminent engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov in A staircase connecting the Kremlin with the Volga river offers a panoramic view of the surroundings. The staircase itself was constructed in the late s by Chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod prisoners of war forced to labor around Http://iphonesellbacks.co/crema-de-recenzii-varicoase.php. Russia will host the FIFA World Cupand some matches will be played at the proposed Nizhny Novgorod Stadium.
The stadium will be built on an island in the Volga river and will have a capacity of 44, people. Nizhny Novgorod is the center of the television and radio broadcasting on the region and the Volga Federal District. There are local TV stations, the Internet and print media.
In city, there are some popular urban newspapers. Nizhegorodskaya PravdaStolitsa Nizhny and Nizhegorodsky rabochiy are Russian-language media headquartered in Nizhny Novgorod. Nizhegorodskaya pravda is the oldest newspaper of the city. Chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod of the first TV channel in the city is NNTV.
It was created during the Soviet period, on the basis of the Gorky television. Also there is the TV channel Volga. The earlier existing most popular TV channel - Seti-NNbut he stopped broadcasting in December Nizhny Novgorod is twinned with:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other cities named Novgorod, see Novgorod disambiguation. Not to be confused with Veliky Novgorod. History of Nizhny Novgorod and Timeline of Nizhny Novgorod. The Main Fair building.
Administrative divisions of Nizhny Novgorod. List of newspapers in Russia. Television in Russia and Radio in Russia. List of people from Nizhny Novgorod. List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia. RIA Novosti in Russian. Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
Government of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on August 21, Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Retrieved August 9, Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers].
Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Weather and Climate Погода chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod климат. Retrieved December 10, National Oceanic chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod Atmospheric Administration.
Retrieved April 8, Новый вокзал откроется 25 октября Full list of bus routes which will depart from the new Scherbinki bus terminal. The International Association "Metro". Retrieved November 16, Церковь Смоленской иконы Божией Матери, фотография". Церковь Рождества Иоанна Предтечи на Торгу, фотография". Церковь Жён-Мироносиц на Верхнем посаде, фотография".
Церковь Илии Пророка, фотография". Церковь Успения Пресвятой Богородицы на Ильинской горе, фотография". Церковь Успения Пресвятой Богородицы на новом Бугровском кладбище, фотография".
Церковь Покрова Пресвятой Богородицы из. Зелёного Городецкого района, фотография". Archived from the original PDF on November 28, Administrative divisions of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast.
Arzamas Balakhna Bogorodsk Bor Chkalovsk Dzerzhinsk Gorbatov Gorodets Knyaginino Kstovo Kulebaki Lukoyanov Lyskovo Navashino Nizhny Novgorod Pavlovo Perevoz Pervomaysk Sarov Semyonov Sergach Shakhunya Uren Vetluga Volodarsk Vorsma Chirurgia venelor varicoase în Nijni Novgorod Zavolzhye.
Ardatovsky Arzamassky de ulcer trofice standard Bogorodsky Bolsheboldinsky Bolshemurashkinsky Buturlinsky Dalnekonstantinovsky Diveyevsky Gaginsky Gorodetsky Knyagininsky Koverninsky Krasnobakovsky Krasnooktyabrsky Kstovsky Lukoyanovsky Lyskovsky Pavlovsky Perevozsky Pilninsky Pochinkovsky Sechenovsky Sergachsky Sharangsky Shatkovsky Sokolsky Sosnovsky Spassky Tonkinsky Tonshayevsky Urensky Vachsky Vadsky Varnavinsky Vetluzhsky Volodarsky Vorotynsky Voskresensky Voznesensky.
Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: Retrieved from " https: Nizhny Novgorod Nizhny Novgorod Governorate Populated places on the Volga establishments in Europe Former national capitals Populated places established in CS1 Russian-language sources ru Articles with Russian-language external links Articles containing Russian-language text Webarchive template wayback links Coordinates on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Use mdy dates from October Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in.
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Location of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast in Russia. Nizhny Novgorod Location of Nizhny Novgorod in Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. Nizhny Novgorod Oblast .
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast,  city of oblast significance of Nizhny Novgorod . Nizhny Novgorod Urban Okrug . Nizhny Novgorod on Wikimedia Commons. NOAA sun — . Russian National Football League. Trade Union Sport Palace. Channel One Russia-1 Russia-2 NTV TV Tsentr Channel 5 Russia-K Russia Public Television of Russia REN TV STS TNT TV-3 Zvezda Domashny Carousel. Peretz Euronews 2x2 Pyatnica!
Disney Channel RBC RU. STRC Nizhny Novgorod NNTV Volga. Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nizhny Novgorod.
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